In American women won the right to vote, but they did not attain legal equality with men in other areas. Sincewomen have won many other rights, but some people argue today that women have not yet achieved equality. After the ratification of the 19th Amendment inpoliticians learned that women, like men, did not always agree and vote as a bloc. At first women did not even vote in large numbers.
Suffragists picketing the White House, Photograph courtesy of the Library of Congress Women's status during America's grand experiment as the world's first democracy has undergone dramatic changes over the generations.
The religious doctrine, written laws, and social customs that colonists brought with them from Europe asserted women's subordinate position.
Women were to marry, tend the house, and raise a family. Education beyond basic reading and writing was unusual. When a woman took a husband she lost what limited freedom she might have had as a single adult. Those few married women who worked for pay could not control their own earnings.
Most could neither buy nor sell property or sign contracts; none could vote, sue when wronged, defend themselves in court, or serve on juries. In the rare case of divorce, women lost custody of their children and any family possessions.
During the Revolutionary War, women contributed in virtually every capacity, from doing fieldwork at home to fighting on battlefields. But their pleas for rights under the new democracy were disregarded. Women actually lost legal ground as a result of the new United States Constitution.
Sixty years later, in Julya small group of women set about to change their second-class status. They launched a peaceful revolution that has since encircled the globe-the Women's Rights Movement.
It described 18 areas of life where women's rights were denied and demanded an end to women's inferior status. Opposition arose immediately, but these new pioneers had proposed a magnificent new America.
Reformers began speaking passionately for women's equality in small-town forums and city halls. Annual women's rights conventions drew tremendous crowds. In time, no aspect of public life would remain untouched by this second, women's revolution.
Educational opportunities improved slowly as secondary schools, then colleges, were established for women. With the advent of coeducational schools, policies still limited women's admissions, financial assistance, course or program choices, and participation in activities.
In the paid workforce the situation was comparable. In the few occupations that were open to women, they were paid far less than men. Leadership in the major religions was not deemed to be women's province.
Professions other than writing, school teaching, and nursing remained essentially closed to women as the 20th century opened. Bysecuring the right to vote became the primary focus of the Women's Rights Movement.
For the next two generations, activists carried out a ceaseless campaign using every strategy imaginable, from leaflets and massive petition drives to street-corner speeches, legislative lobbying, and enormous street parades.
Finally, on August 26,the Nineteenth Amendment to the U. With it, 17 million women won for themselves that most basic promise of democracy: Once the vote was achieved, many activists withdrew to pursue private interests. With the exceptions of nontraditional work opportunities during the two World Wars, women's position improved little over the next four decades.
The civil rights movements of the s inspired a second wave of fervent activism confronting the inequities women faced in virtually all areas of American life. In communities everywhere, women worked on grassroots projects like battered women's shelters and rape crisis hotlines, child care centers and health clinics.
Commissions on the Status of Women investigated and reported on women's needs. State and federal laws were passed outlawing discrimination in employment and education, and women responded to their new opportunities with enthusiasm.
Today, America is living the legacy of the great progress women have made in all the areas addressed at the Seneca Falls Convention, while their earnest quest for full and true equality continues.Lucy Burns (July 28, – December 22, ) was an American suffragist and women's rights advocate.
She was a passionate activist in the United States and in the United webkandii.com was a close friend of Alice Paul, and together they ultimately formed the National Woman's Party.
The History of Women’s Equality Day At the behest of Rep. Bella Abzug (D-NY), in and passed in , the U.S. Congress designated August 26 as “Women’s Equality Day.” The date was selected to commemorate the certification of the 19th Amendment . The reformers wanted to work within the political system to pass laws for equal pay scales for men and women, the right of females to serve on juries, and other specific rights.
The feminists, led by Paul’s National Woman’s Party, argued for immediate legal equality . And according to the IMF, whole economies are losing out – if women and men had more equality at work, it would increase GDP in the US by 5%, in Japan by 9% and in Egypt by 34%. Under the Soviet Union, a factory was never just a factory; it was a vital tool in the war on capitalist oppression.
Every organ of society was repurposed to achieve a utopian society, as imagined by communism. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at webkandii.com