The four main components of the biopsychosocial approach to health Lubna Somjee, Ph. The biopsychosocial approach includes four primary components that need to be addressed when maintaining health. For more information on how to integrate this approach into your healthcare plan, click here.
They are often criticized on their narrow focus on outcome behavior of interest e. Nonetheless, the model dynamics are useful to describe particular types of behavior.
Health Belief Model As the one of the earliest frameworks for understanding human behavior, the health belief model declares that individuals will take health related actions based on six types of factors and associated beliefs: This model is better for predicting simple, one-time or limited behaviors e.
The theory is limited to discrete sample populations and does not incorporate profiles of previous behaviors nor does it address when positive intentions are not enough to enact behaviors e.
Desired behaviors stem from positive experiences, associations, and thus responses to stimuli. Consequently, this theory allows reinforcing behaviors by way of rewards, but they are dependent on continual rewards — the precise problem in drug addiction and abuse.
Social Cognitive Theory Through a variety of mediums, the social cognitive theory states that individuals observations affect behavior by two modes of modeling: Observing others in their social network engaging in a particular behavior i.
Individuals more likely model behaviors by others they identify with as portrayed in the media. This theory has proven successful in a variety of health-related behaviors, including, smoking cessation, condom use, and regular exercise.
Specialists have also mapped the traditional transtheoretical model or the newer precaution adoption process model in order to stop or reduce unhealthy traits and develop or enhance healthy actions see table below.
These two models categorize the changes individuals go through in the process of behavioral alteration in discrete stages. Transtheoretical Model Change is process divided into five stages: Precontemplation — Unaware or ignorant of the problem, or underestimate its consequences or personal applicability.
Contemplation — Considering making a change to their behavior, often due to an increased awareness or realization of the issue. Preparation — Commits to change, and organized steps to enact change within a specific time period.
Action — The behaviors are publicly modified to provoke change. Maintenance — Sustains change, usually over six months [At the action and maintenance stages, the individual is most prone to relapse.
Precaution Adoption Process Model Change is process divided into seven stages: Stage 1 — Now aware of the problem. Stage 2 — Limited awareness, however, not appreciative of personal risk.
Stage 3 — Acknowledges personal susceptibility of hazard, but fails to make a decision on acting. Stage 4 — Decides the action is unwarranted.
Stage 5 — Decides the action is warranted. Stage 6 — The behaviors are publicly modified to provoke change.
Stage 7 — Sustains change, usually over six months This new model of change further differentiates personal risk profiles and whether the person decides to act. Further studies must evaluate the effectiveness of each model on predicting health behavioral change; however, it is likely that they are each best for specific types of individuals or behaviors.• Humanistic qualities are highly valued complements to the biopsychosocial approach, which involves the application of the scientific method to diverse biological, psychological, and social phenomena as related to human health.
Psychology practice areas include clinical and health psychology concerns, with the focus to help people live better with heart disease, chronic pain, depression, anxiety, stress, sleep problems, or death of a loved one.
perspectives clinic. Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.
Oct 15, · The biopsychosocial model is a method of understanding health and illness through biological, psychological, and social factors. The principle of the biopsychosocial model states that all issues relating to health are products of a complex interplay of these three factors.
The biopsychosocial model is a tool that psychologists use to examine how psychological disorders develop. Health Psychology: Definition, Purpose, and Goals The biopsychosocial (BPS) model. The biopsychosocial model argues that any one factor is not sufficient; it is the interplay between people’s genetic makeup (biology), mental health and behavior (psychology), and social and cultural context that determine the course of their health-related outcomes.